Practice Areas

We have extensive expertise and comprehensive practical experience in national and international commercial law.

Our clients include large listed corporations and medium-sized companies, both domestic and foreign. These clients are active in a wide variety of industries such as construction & engineering, energy, banking & finance, maritime, infrastructure & transport, chemical & pharmaceutical, and real estate.

Moreover, we have a thorough knowledge of international private and procedural law, investment law, national and international commercial and sales law, as well as of trade and corporate law.

Construction & Engineering


Our expertise in construction and engineering disputes is internationally recognized.

Our expertise

We have extensive experience in a wide range of infrastructure and construction projects as well as in the field of engineering. These include, among others, projects based on EPC contracts, FIDIC model contracts, as well as turnkey contracts. We are also very familiar with public-private partnerships (PPPs), consortium and joint venture agreements.

Our clients appreciate our ability to cut through the complex technical and economic issues involved in construction and engineering law, as well as our ability to present this information in a simple and coherent manner before state courts and arbitral tribunals. We also hold a particular expertise in proceedings before Dispute Adjudication Boards (DAB proceedings).

Our clients also benefit from our experience in the selection and cooperation with technical and economic experts as well as from our structured approach to reviewing extensive project documentation and preparing evidence.

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in DAB proceedings in relation to a Middle Eastern construction project (shopping mall) with an amount in dispute of EUR 450 m
  • Counsel in two parallel international DIS arbitrations in the renewable energies sector (offshore wind farm) with an aggregated amount in dispute exceeding EUR 200 m
  • Counsel in an ICC arbitration in the construction sector in a EUR 70 m dispute
  • Counsel in an arbitration under the rules of the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce in the field of mechanical engineering with an amount in dispute of EUR 2.2 m
  • Counsel in an international ICC arbitration in the mechanical engineering sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 2 m
  • Counsel in an ICC arbitration in the mechanical engineering sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 1.5 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the construction sector (power plant, EPC contract) with an amount in dispute of USD 1.6 billion
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the construction sector (FIDIC pink book) with an amount in dispute of USD 118 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the construction sector (FIDIC yellow book) with state involvement and an amount in dispute of USD 64 m
  • Arbitrator in an international arbitration before the Voldgiftsinstituttet (DIA) in the construction sector (waste treatment facility) with an amount in dispute of EUR 43 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the construction sector (airport) with an amount in dispute of USD 37 m
  • Arbitrator in international ICC arbitrations in the construction sector (FIDIC red book) with amounts in dispute of EUR 20 m
  • Arbitrator in an international FAI arbitration in the construction sector with an amount in dispute < EUR 1 million
  • Pre-litigation consultation in the construction sector with questions of insolvency law and an amount in dispute of EUR 20 m

Commercial & Trade Law


Our clients appreciate our comprehensive expertise in national and international commercial and sales disputes.

Our expertise

Issues of commercial and trade law are our daily business.

We advise our clients on both general contract law, as well as on specific issues relating to commercial and trade law, including CISG, Incoterms, warranty rights, particularities of commercial transactions, drafting and interpretation of commercial agency and distributor contracts, and UCP 600.

At the same time, we are also familiar with the particularities of the aerospace, automotive and maritime industries, as well as transport law. We also maintain a profound knowledge of the growing offshore industry.

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in an international ICC arbitration concerning a EUR 350 m joint venture dispute
  • Counsel in an international ICC arbitration in the automotive sector pertaining to a distribution agreement with an amount in dispute of USD 140 m
  • Counsel in an international DIS arbitration in the infrastructure and transport sector (airport) with an amount in dispute of EUR 100 m
  • Counsel in a DIS arbitration in the infrastructure and transport sector (trains) with an amount in dispute of EUR 18 m as well as representation before a Higher Regional Court and the German Federal Court of Justice
  • Counsel in an international ICC arbitration in the infrastructure and transport sector (trains) with an amount in dispute of EUR 6 m
  • Counsel in adversarial proceedings in the infrastructure and transport sector (trains) with an amount in dispute of EUR 3 m
  • Counsel in a DIS arbitration in the infrastructure and transport sector (trains) with an amount in dispute of EUR 2.5 m
  • Counsel in an arbitration before the Voldgiftsinstituttet (DIA) arising out of a cooperation agreement with an amount in dispute of > EUR 1 m
  • Arbitrator in an international LCIA arbitration relating to the gambling industry with state involvement and with an amount in dispute of EUR 350 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration arising out of a cooperation and license agreement in the tobacco industry with an amount in dispute of USD 300 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration under a license agreement and a manufacturing and supply agreement in the pharmaceutical industry with an amount in dispute of EUR 240 m
  • Arbitrator in an ICC arbitration in the automotive sector in a EUR 120 m dispute
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in a dispute between shareholders of Eastern European energy companies under a privatization agreement with an amount in dispute of EUR 120 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in a dispute under a manufacturing and supply agreement in the aviation industry with an amount in dispute of USD 84 m
  • Arbitrator in an international SCC arbitration arising out of a distribution agreement with an amount in dispute of EUR 23 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the automotive sector with an amount in dispute of USD 10 m
  • Arbitrator in an international multi-party SCIA arbitration in the international trade sector governed by the CISG with an amount in dispute of EUR 5 m
  • Arbitrator in international ad hoc arbitration proceedings under the UNCITRAL Arbitration rules arising out of a patent and licensing agreement in the chemical industry with an amount in dispute of EUR 4 m
  • Arbitrator in international arbitration proceedings under the Rules of Arbitration of the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce arising out of a distribution agreement with an amount in dispute of EUR 3 m
  • Arbitrator in international arbitration proceedings under the Expedited Rules of the WIPO arising out of a cooperation agreement in relation to a EU funded project with an amount in dispute of EUR 1 m
  • Arbitrator in a fast track SCC arbitration in the distribution sector with an amount in dispute of < EUR 1 m
  • Arbitrator in a consolidated international VIAC arbitration arising out of two supply agreements regarding the delivery of satellite and other helicopter equipment with an amount in dispute of < EUR 1 m
  • Pre-litigation consultation in the field of water infrastructure in a EUR 60 m dispute

Post-M&A & Corporate Law


Our thorough economic understanding distinguishes us in post-M&A and corporate disputes.

Our expertise

We advise our clients in relation to all disputes arising from mergers and acquisitions, and especially in relation to post-closing disputes, including disclosure requirements, warrantee and guarantee commitments, price adjustment, earn out clauses, and MAC clauses.

In addition, members of our team have many years of experience in disputes involving companies and their organs, as well as in shareholder disputes (including in relation to the passing of resolutions, maintenance of capital, and corporate fiduciary duties).

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in an international ICC post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 360 m
  • Counsel in an international DIS post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 65 m
  • Counsel in an international DIS post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of < EUR 1 Mio.
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of USD 120 m
  • Arbitrator in an international DIS post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 90 m
  • Arbitrator in an international post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 85 m
  • Arbitrator in an international DIS post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 55 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 45 m
  • Arbitrator in an international DIS post-M&A arbitration with an amount in dispute of EUR 20 m
  • Arbitrator in arbitration proceedings under the Expedited Rules of the DIS in a EUR 14 m post-M&A dispute
  • Pre-litigation consultation on a post-M&A matter in the automotive sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 20 m
  • Mediator in a shareholders’ dispute

Energy


Members of our team are among the leading arbitrators in the energy sector.

Our expertise

Driven by an increasing market liberalization, together with its ongoing transition from conventional energy production to renewable energies, the world’s energy market is being continuously shaped by large structural changes. We advise our clients on these developments and their jurisdictional implications.

Among others, we have particular experience in price adjustment of long-term supply contracts and in wind park construction (both onshore and offshore).

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in DAB proceedings in the renewable energies sector (offshore wind farm) with an amount in dispute of EUR 250 m
  • Counsel in DAB proceedings in the renewable energies sector (offshore wind farm) with an amount in dispute of EUR 150 m
  • Counsel in DAB proceedings in the renewable energies sector (offshore wind farm) with an amount in dispute of EUR 100 m
  • Counsel in DAB proceedings in the renewable energies sector (offshore wind farm) with an amount in dispute of EUR 3 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the energy sector (price adjustment) with an amount in dispute of USD 500 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the energy sector (price adjustment) with an amount in dispute of USD 300 m
  • Arbitrator in an international DIS arbitration in the energy sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 150 m
  • Arbitrator in an international SCC arbitration in the energy sector with state involvement with an amount in dispute of EUR 120 m
  • Arbitrator in an international DIS arbitration in the energy sector (long term electricity supply contract) with an amount in dispute of EUR 70 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the energy sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 68 m
  • Arbitrator in an international DIS arbitration in the energy sector (long term gas storage agreement) with an amount in dispute of EUR 42 m
  • Pre-litigation consultation in connection with the construction of several onshore wind parks with an amount in dispute of EUR 100 m

Antitrust Damages


As experienced litigators, we assist clients to enforce claims for antitrust damages or help to defend against antitrust damages claims.

Our expertise

We have proven expertise and experience in enforcing claims for antitrust damages out of court or, if necessary, in court. If faced by such claims, we will help to develop a strategy to successfully ward off claims for antitrust damages.

We have excellent relationships with specialized (competition) economists for the assessment of damages and the processing of large amounts of data. The selection and instruction of experts as well as the handling of opposing experts and counsel is an important part of our daily work.

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in actions for damages against the drugstore cartel with an accumulated amount in dispute of more than EUR 40 m (Claimant’s side)
  • Counsel in an action for damages against the sugar cartel with an amount in dispute of EUR 36 m (Claimant’s side)
  • Counsel in proceedings in relation to antitrust damages with an amount in dispute of EUR < 1 m (Respondent’s side)
  • Advising a Dutch company out of court on its defence and litigation strategy against antitrust damages claims

Banking & Finance


We are pioneers in arbitrations in the field of banking & finance.

Our expertise

In the Banking & Finance sector, we deal in particular with project finance disputes. In addition to serving as counsel before state courts and arbitral tribunals, members of our team have been repeatedly appointed as arbitrators and experts in banking & finance disputes.

As trusted and discrete advisors we also offer tailor-made resolution services for private wealth disputes.

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in an international DIS arbitration in the project finance sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 100 m<
  • Counsel in a multi-million ICC arbitration concerning an international investment of a high-net-wealth individual
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in a banking & finance dispute of USD 100 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in a dispute pertaining to a loan facility with an amount in dispute of EUR 7 m
  • Arbitrator in an international ICC arbitration in the finance sector with an amount in dispute of USD 5 m
  • Arbitrator in an arbitration before the Voldgiftsinstituttet (DIA) in the finance sector with an amount in dispute of EUR 2 m
  • Arbitrator in a dispute arising out of the restructuring of a family business
  • Arbitrator in a dispute between a venture capitalist and an entrepreneur concerning milestone payments and earn outs
  • Arbitrator in a dispute between the shareholders of a start-up
  • Expert on German law in several US court proceedings in the banking & finance sector with an overall amount in dispute of more than USD 3 billion

International Private & Civil Procedure Law


We offer excellent knowledge of international private and procedural law.

Our expertise

In view of our numerous mandates in cross-border disputes, we possess specialist experience and knowledge in international private law and are well versed in dealing with relevant rules, such as the Rome Regulations and the EGBGB. We follow the ever-developing trends of the European legislator in this field with particular attention.

A particular focus of our work in the field of international civil procedure is the enforcement of arbitral awards and state court judgments under the New York Convention, the Brussels I Regulation (Regulation (EU) 1215/2012) or the Lugano Convention. In particular, we are regularly instructed on cross-border enforcement proceedings. In addition, we provide support to our clients in relation to issues of international civil procedure law, such as the service of documents (for example, according to the European Regulation on the Service of Documents (Regulation (EU) 1393/2007), the taking of evidence in international proceedings, and legal assistance by foreign courts.

Selected examples of our work

  • Counsel in setting aside proceedings in relation to a partial ICC arbitral award in an amount of EUR 80 m
  • Counsel in setting aside and enforcement proceedings in relation to a DIS arbitral award in an amount of EUR 13 m
  • Counsel in setting aside and enforcement proceedings in relation to an ad hoc award in an amount of EUR 5 m
  • Counsel for a foreign manufacturer of industrial products in state court proceedings with an amount in dispute of EUR 2.8 m and advice on issues of international jurisdiction and lis pendens
  • Counsel for a foreign state in enforcement proceedings in relation to an investment arbitral award with an amount in dispute of EUR 2 m
  • Counsel to a medical technology company in proceedings for interim relief in defense of an international service of legal documents under the Hague Service Convention
  • Advice to a Turkish construction company regarding the enforceability of an ICC arbitral award with an amount in dispute of USD 70 m

Investment Protection Law


Our reputation and success in the field of investment protection law is the result of our combination of expertise in international law and arbitration law.

Our expertise

We advise states and investors on investment protection laws (e.g. Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), bilateral investment treaties) and act as arbitrator and counsel in investment arbitrations (ICSID, ICC, SCC, UNCITRAL).

In addition, we act as experts on specific issues of international and investment law (e.g. immunity, lump sum agreements).

From 2013 to 2019, Dr. Inka Hanefeld, LL.M. was nominated by the Federal Republic of Germany to the ICSID list of arbitrators and since then has served as arbitrator (party appointed arbitrator, president, member of ICSID annulment committees) in a number of investor-State arbitrations.

Selected examples of our work

  • Sovereign state counsel in proceedings for the enforcement of an arbitral award in an investment arbitration dispute of EUR 2 m
  • Member of the Annulment Committee in a USD 2 billion investment arbitration under the ICSID Rules
  • Member of the Annulment Committee in a USD 1 billion investment arbitration under the ICSID Rules
  • Member of the Annulment Committee in a USD 324 m investment arbitration under the ICSID Rules
  • Arbitrator in an investment arbitration under the SCC Rules in a EUR 77 m dispute
  • Arbitrator in an investment arbitration under the ICSID Rules in a EUR 18 m dispute
  • Arbitrator in an investment arbitration under the ICC Rules in a EUR 6 m dispute
  • Advice on investment structuring of a Luxembourg-based enterprise
  • Advice to a sovereign state on the reform of its model investment protection treaty
  • Advice to an investor on claims under the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) against a sovereign state
  • Expert on international law in several Korean court proceedings